UK – Vendredi 20/04/2018 – energiesdelamer.eu. En mars 2018, l'énergie éolienne offshore a généré 12% de l'énergie totale du Royaume-Uni, sa contribution la plus élevée à ce jour selon Jan Matthiesen, Directeur Offshore Wind au Carbon Trust.
Selon la dernière étude du centre de recherche américain EIA (Energy Information Administration) le pétrole et le gaz naturel occupaient en 2016 plus des trois quarts de la consommation d’énergie primaire du Royaume-Uni. La place du charbon a décliné au cours des dernières années, passant de 19% de ce mix en 2012 à moins de 6% en 2016.
The United Kingdom (UK) is the second-largest producer of oil and the third-largest producer of natural gas in OECD Europe.
United Kingdom (UK) oil and natural gas production have grown on average almost 9% and 4% per year, respectively, from 2014 through 2016. Among European countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the UK was the second-largest producer of petroleum and other liquids in 2016; only Norway produced more. The UK was the third-largest producer of natural gas in OECD Europe, surpassed only by Norway and the Netherlands. High oil and natural gas prices through late 2014 encouraged high levels of investment in the industry and have led to recent production increases. However, since then prices and investment have declined, and production is likely to return to its long-term declining trend.
The UK is the fifth-largest economy in the world in terms of gross domestic product. Following years as a net exporter of crude oil and natural gas, the UK became a net importer of both fuels in 2004 and 2005, respectively, and in 2013 the UK became a net importer of petroleum products, making it a net importer of all fossil fuels for the first time.
On June 23, 2016, in a general referendum, the UK voted to leave the European Union (EU). Britain's exit from the EU has been commonly termed Brexit. On June 19, 2017, the UK and the EU began negotiating the terms under which the UK would leave the EU. Among the concerns for the oil and natural gas industry are the potential for Brexit to impact tariffs on imports and exports and the potential impact on the employment of EU workers in the UK oil and natural gas industry.
Renewable energy use, particularly in the electric power sector, has more than doubled in the UK over the past decade (2007-16). However, petroleum and natural gas continue to account for most of the UK's energy consumption. In 2016, petroleum and natural gas each accounted for 38% of total energy consumption (Figure 2). The share of coal in total energy consumption in the UK has declined rapidly over the past several years from 19% in 2012 to 6% in 2016.
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